The Algoquin first encounter with the Europeans is when Samuel de Champlain stumbled upon a group led by Kitcisipirini Chief Tessouat at Tadoussace, which in present day is eastern Quebec. Considered as Native Canadians, Algonquin Tribe call themselves Omàmiwinini, and they speak the Algonquin language (Ojibwe). They are related to the Ojibwe and Odawa linguistically and culturally, with whom they form a larger group called Anicinape (Anishinaabe). The term “Algonquin” was derived from the Maliseet word, which means “they are our relatives/allies”.
● They still speak their native tongue the Anicinàpemowin, however, the language has experienced strong word borrowing from the Cree language as young speakers use it.
● Algoquins are traditionally practitioners of Midewiwin, which means the right path.
● In 17th and 18th century, many French missionaries converted Algonquins to Catholicism.
● Traditionally, the Algonquins lived in either wikiwams or known as birch bark or in wooden mikiwams.
● There are currently nine Algoquins bands that live in Quebec; however, there is one in Ontario, which has a combined population of 11,000.
● The Algonquin tribe became active in the fur trade after encounter with the Europeans.
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